Where was a Russian ground surveillance radar system directed to detecting targets?
On February 27, 2016, Alexander Vladimirovich Rukavishnikov, a resident of the town of Shakhtarsk, posted a photo of himself on a social website that revealed a Russian Kredo-M1 ground surveillance radar system.
The last time Alexander visited his page was on February 28, 2016. Starting March 1, there has been a lot of comments posted on his page, such as “[We will] remember you and mourn…”
The picture was taken on the roof of a tall building. The building belongs to the Cereal Products Plant in the village of Olenivka in Volnovakha Raion, Donetsk Oblast.
The PSNR-8 Kredo-M1 portable ground surveillance radar system is designed to detect moving targets on the ground or water and to support artillery fire at any time of the day regardless of the season, and also in conditions of low visibility (fog, rain, snow, dust, or smoke). Its specifications are as follows:
Operating frequency range: 2 cm (J).
- range – from 200 m to 32 km;
- azimuth – from 12° to 180° with an adjustment discrete of 12°;
- elevation – +/-18 degrees.
Detection range for moving targets:
- person – 7-8 km;
- tank – up to 16 km;
- truck – up to 32 km;
- 155 mm shell explosion – up to 5 km.
Power consumption: 110W.
Median errors in determining the coordinates:
- for range: 25 m;
- for direction: 00–05 m (0.3°).
Continuous operation time: 24 hrs.
Weight: 51 kg.
Radar shows the situation on the electronic map (example below).
As mentioned above, the scan zone of the Kredo-M1 radar station is up to 32 km. A circle with a center in Olenivka and a radius of 32 km was drawn on the map. The straight line is the approximate direction of observation of the station in the position shown in the photo.
The surveillance area is in and around the towns of Blahodatne, Olhynka, Buhas, and Volnovakha.
A roof of the building in Alexander’s photo is an ideal place to conduct ongoing monitoring of the Donetsk – Mariupol (N20) road and all the nearby “gray zone” by using military special equipment. This is not the first time when Russian-separatist forces have used the roof of this building. In August 2015, Russian militants operated an Eleron-3SV drone from the same roof.
The PSNR-8 Credo-M1 radar was adopted by the Russian army in 2002. It has not been exported to Ukraine, therefore, it could not have been captured from the Ukrainian Armed Forces. It is yet another piece of evidence that Russia supplies arms and equipment to the occupied territory of Ukraine.
Translated by Svitlana Kemblowski
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